Endoscopy is a procedure that uses a tiny video camera at the end of a very narrow scope in order to see inside of the body. Sometimes we use endoscopy for surgical procedures but most often we use it for diagnostic purposes. This procedure is minimally invasive and requires relatively little recovery.
Before the endoscopy, we will first perform a full physical exam. Because of the use of anesthesia, your pet may require blood tests to ensure sure the ability to properly metabolize the medications. We then administer the anesthesia and carefully monitor your pet during the entire procedure. After the endoscopy, we gently awaken your pet from the anesthesia and in most cases, you can take your pet home the same day.
Sometimes we use endoscopy to perform biopsies, take cultures, or remove tumors, masses, or foreign bodies. After the procedure, we evaluate the information gathered or possibly runs lab tests on tissue retrieved.
Endoscopy allows us to view many different parts of the body. For example, if you notice your pet experiencing respiratory issues, we may use endoscopy to look inside of their nose and sinuses to determine if an infection is present, the possibility of a tumor or if your pet inhaled a foreign body.
Some common areas of endoscopy include:
Gastrointestinal endoscopy - We direct a long, flexible scope to travel down the intestines which enables biopsy, the removal of foreign bodies or to diagnose GI issues such as polyps or colitis.
Bronchoscopy - Used to view the throat and lungs and identify issues such as polyps, foreign bodies or lung cancer.
Rhinoscopy - A flexible scope is used to view the sinuses, remove foreign bodies, inflammation or fungal infections. Anterior rhinoscopy advances a flexible scope through the nose; posterior advances the scope through the mouth to examine the back of the nasal cavity.
Cystoscopy - Used to view the urinary tract, including the urethra and bladder. We can identify and sometimes remove kidney and bladder stones.